The first difficulty is to define what moderation is, in this case we will use the simplest definition, that is, one drink per day for women and two for men. That is, a 5 oz. Glass of alcohol at 12% wine or 12 oz. Of alcohol at 5% beer. This difference between the sexes has to do with the level of an enzyme (alcoholic dehydrogenase), of which women have less and therefore metabolize alcohol more slowly.
A frequent question is, what causes the headaches associated with wine. It is not sulphites, as most people think, but tyramine, which is a vasoactive substance. This is found in greater quantities in young wines, not filtered. Therefore we recommend that you know the wines that do not cause headaches for you to enjoy.
There is clear evidence that consuming alcohol has benefits in the prevention of coronary heart disease. In 2007, a Harvard study reported that patients suffering from high blood pressure decrease their risk of heart attack by drinking a glass of wine a day. They concluded that red wine also decreases the risk of atherosclerosis and heart attacks.
Pregnancy is considered a definitive contraindication and doctors in the United States recommend not to take anything during pregnancy. This to avoid cognitive and developmental disorders in children. Although in some other countries with a different culture, an occasional glass of wine accompanying a meal is allowed.
There is an association between women who drink between one and three drinks a day of alcohol, a 24% increase in risk of breast cancer. Apparently this happens because of the effect alcohol has on hormone levels in women during menopause.
In 2003, a Harvard study was published, which said that men who consume one to two glasses of red wine a day, reduce by 40% the risk of suffering a cerebral ischemic attack or “stroke”. And that the combination of alcohol and dark chocolate and improve your cognitive ability.
It was also reported that grape seeds that contain substances called polyphenols block the formation of toxic plaques in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. And there is a decrease in dementia.
Scientists in Israel found that red wine helps digestion, decreases the risk of atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes and colon cancer.
As for lung cancer, there is a slight decrease in lung cancer in non-smokers who drink red wine.